We are in a generation where many women are being diagnosed with infertility due to various reasons such as lifestyle changes. But no need to worry as science and medicine as evolved so much that various treatments are available to alter your conditions. If you are trying to get pregnant but finding it hard then you might want to get yourself checked for tubal blockage which is causing infertility.
Tubal cannulation is a procedure used to help clear blockages in a woman’s fallopian tubes. This procedure is performed under hysteroscopic guidance through which the doctor can see inside the womb through a fine telescope called Hysteroscope which is introduced through the neck of the womb.
Tubal cannulation procedure may not be suitable for patients with the following conditions:
- Previous fallopian tube surgery
- Extensive scarring in fallopian tubes
- Major damage to fallopian tubes
- Genital tuberculosis and other infections
- Severe blockage which makes it difficult for a catheter to pass through
- Distal blockage which happens in an area of the fallopian tube which is farthest from the uterus
What Happens During Tubal Cannulation?
Your doctor inserts a tube through your vagina called a catheter, which is guided over a wire. Either ultrasound or real-time moving X-rays of the fallopian tubes may be used to help your doctor find the correct spot. He opens up the blocked area using a balloon on the catheter or with the wire.
Tubal cannulation may be done immediately after you have a procedure called hysterosalpingography In this, your doctor flushes dye through the catheter to identify and locate a fallopian tube blockage.
You may or may not get anesthesia during the procedure. Your doctor might give you a mild sedative to help you relax.
Tubal cannulation should be done only by a doctor who’s well-trained in the procedure. Risks include:
- Failure to make sure your fallopian tube is working
- A tear in the fallopian tube wall
- Peritonitis, a life-threatening infection of the tissue covering organs in your belly